ON THE REHABILITATION OF VICTIMS OF POLITICAL REPRESSION IN UKRAINE, LAW OF THE UKRAINIAN SSR
The Law of the Ukrainian SSR “On the rehabilitation of victims of political repression in Ukraine” was passed by the Verkhovna Rada of the UkrSSR on 17 April 1991. “Rehabilitation shall cover the period from 1917 up till when this law takes effect and be applicable to individuals unwarrantedly convicted during that period by courts of the Ukrainian SSR or repressed on the territory of the Republic by other state bodies in any form, including deprivation of life or liberty, forced resettlement, deportation or exile beyond the boundaries of the Republic, removal of citizenship, forced treatment in medial establishments, deprivation or limitation of other civic rights or freedoms on political, social, class-related, national or religious grounds” . This law rehabilitated individuals convicted for activity classified as counter-revolution; “anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda” under Article 7 of the Law of the USSR “On criminal liability for state crimes” from 25.12.1958 and under Article 62 of the Criminal Code of the UkrSSR from 1961 (including the version from 14.04.1989); “Dissemination of patently false information defaming the Soviet political and social system” (Article 187-1 CC UkrSSR); for infringements of the laws on separation of the Church and State; individuals against whom coercive measures of a medical nature were applied. The law also rehabilitated people who had been exiled or deported on political, social, class-related, national or religious grounds.
The law established certain compensation and benefits for those rehabilitated. However it did not cover participants in the armed struggle for Ukraine’s independence, those who suffered repression in extra-judicial forms, victims of repression convicted of fabricated criminal charges, nor the descendents of victims of repression, for which it was criticized in society. There are several new draft versions of this law which have for years not been given consideration by the Verkhovna Rada, and also an alternative draft law “On the status of fighters for Ukraine’s freedom”, drawn up by State Deputy L. LUKYANENKO.